RESERVATION INDIANS AND THEIR “FRINGE”

Thomas Acree

Pamunkey Blogger

(all possible names listed: scattergun method)

(“Res.” in census notes =Pamunkey Reservation, then formally recognized by state.)

Census 1830, 1840, “free coloured” unless otherwise noted. Census 1850, 1860, “mulatto” unless otherwise noted.Census 1870, “Indian” unless otherwise noted. Census 1880, Indians not listed, with few exceptions.Census 1890, burned in Washington. Census 1900, 1910, “Indian” section (not used here, except for less common names.)

ANNE: Pamunkey leader; first appears by petition of Aug. 1706 (Palmer 1875, I: 105). Also petitioned in 1708 (Palmer, 1875, I: 127-128) and 1715 (Palmer1875, I: 184-185. She may also be the unnamed queen in other documents between 1705 and 1723.

ACREY, ELIZA (b. 1834): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1870 census as living out in County, aged 36 (and “white” with daughter Lucy E. (7) and (boarder?) Bertie Hill (17, “black”); shown in 1880 census as living out in County,aged 51 (and “white”), with daughter Susan and…

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Major ACREE CASE 1780-1840

 

detective2

Subject: Major Acree

Born: 1780 in Virginia, United States

Timeline

 1785. Chapter LXXVIII. Every person of whose grandfathers or grandmothers anyone is or shall have been a Negro, although all his other progenitors, except that descending from the Negro shall have been white persons, shall be deemed a mulatto, and so every person who shall have one-                                                                        fourth or more Negro blood shall in like manner be                                                                      deemed a mulatto. This act is to be in force from                                                                           January 1, 1787.

1793 Free Negroes or mulattoes shall be registered and numbered in a book to be kept by the town clerk, which shall specify age, name, color, status and by whom, and in what court emancipated. Annually the Negro shall be delivered a copy for twenty-five cents.

  1813, List of William Sale, Jr., at end of list, A List of Free Negroes & Mulattoes, tithes (includes females over 16), slaves, horses, two wheel carriages

                   Major Acree 1 tithe  Some of his neighbors:  Wm Fortune 4 tithes, Mordecai Bird 1 tithe,  Daniel Johnston 2 tithes 2 horses,Banjamin Reaves 2 tithes,George Bird 1 tithe,Roy Bird 1 tithe,Nancy Bird 1 tithe,Polly Bird 1 tithe, Maga Morton 1 tithe,Armistead Fortune 3 tithes 1 horse,Jane Fortune 1 tithe 1 horse,Betty Fortune 1 tithe, Roy Grymes 1 tithe 2 horses,     Daniel Carter 5 tithes 1 horse,Christopher Hailstock 1 tithe 1 horse, Samuel Grymes 2 tithes 1 horse, Celie the elder 1 tithe,  Celie the younger, Titus Flemming 3 tithes, Jane Grymes 1 tithe 2 slaves, Robert Grymes 1 tithe.

1814  Major Acree   Neighbors: Daniel Carter,William Carter, Barttlett McKnuckles, Joseph                            Welch ,Armistead Fortune,Even Grymes, Robert Jackson, Jane Grymes,  

1816, Caroline County, District of Ambrose Jones                                                                                               Major Acree, Neighbors: Fortune, Lucey 2 slaves over 16, 2 horses,                                                 Grymes, Jane 2 slaves over 16, 1 horse, Jack Munroes free 1 horse                                                      Morton,Matthew Jr. 2 horses,Tombs, William 1 tithe, 1 horse Tombs, Wyatt                                         Welch, Lang 1 slave over 16

July 1816 Major Acree was listed in sales of the estate of Benjamin Vawer dec’d.

Will Book 19, page 216 Caroline Co., VA. At a court of Monthly session held for Caroline County at the Courthouse of Monday the 8 day of July 1816, this report was returned and is ordered to be Recorded, Test. John L. Pendleton C. C. An Account of sales of the estate of Benjamin Vawer dec’d. as follows: (Note: all funds are shown as dollars and cents) Mrs. Beazley: one ax .50, one bed bedstead and cord 10.00, 1 table 1.80, ½ dozen chairs 2.05 total $14.35 Capt. Garnett: 1 dutch over 2.10, Capt. Daniel: 1 pair of pistole molds .10 Mrs. Welch Senr.: One Horse $10.00 George Chapman: Lot of old books .50, 1 choice Mobley stand 2.50 2 choice Mobiley stand 3.05 total $6.05 Mrs. Vauter: 1 testament .12, 3 pewter plates .75, 1 bed and furniture 6.05, 1 pale .12 1/2, 1 piggin .06 total $7.11 J_s Vaughn: 1 book 1.05, 1 bible .06, 2 pewter basons 1.81, 1 hand saw $1.60 total $4.52 Thos. Reynolds: one table 1.00, 1 press 9.25 Total $10.25 MAJOR ACREE: One pewter dish 1.25, one chest 1.05, one tub .83 Total $3.13 John M. Gray: One gun $10.05 Jas. Clift: To hire of Charles $12.00 Colo. Todd: 1 foot adze .85, 1 auger. 85, 1 pot & hooks 1.36, 1 steer 5.07, pistols & holsters 25.00, 2 bottles 1.35, 1still 27.80, 1 funnel .59, 1 gun 3.05 1 pi55 saw 1.95 Total $69.85 Chas. Beazley: 1 drawing knife .27, 1 tble .25, 1 cask .50, 2 cask .12, 3 rd choice of Mobley stands .70 Total $1.84 Jno. P. Walden: 1 candlestick .05, 2 jugs,.35 Total .40 Will Book 19 page 217 Caroline Co., VA. The estate of Benjamin Vauter decd in account with John Scott committee. To amount of bonds returned $155.13 To comm.. on the amt. Of sales 7.79 To this sum for crying property 2.00 To tax account for 1815 3.12 By Amount of sales $155.63 Due to Reuben Tankersley D. S. For John Scott $168.04 Caroline Co., to wit: Pursuant to an order of said county court we have this day examed John Scott shff. Of the said county amount of his admr. On the estate of Benjamin Vauter decd and find a balance due said Shff. Of twelve dollars and forty cents. Given under our hands 8 July 1816. Signed Wilson Allen, Armistead Hoomes, Lewis Madison. At a court of monthly session held for Caroline county at the courthouse 8 July 1816 Teste John Pendleton http://www.vawterfamily.org/Georgine/Bartholomew%20100-211.pdf

1817, List of Ambrose Jones, Caroline County                                                                                                    Major Acre, Neighbors: Acre, Killes 1 tithe 1 horse free Mulatto,Bunday, John 1                              tithe free Mulatto, Byrd, George 1 tithe free Mulatto, Byrd, Roy 1 tithe do                                           Chambers, Joseph 1 tithe free Mulatto at B. Green,Carter, William 1 tithe 1                                       horse, free Mulatto,Fortune, George 1 tithe,Grymes, Jane 2 slaves over 16, 3                                      horses  Grymes, Samuel 1 tithe 1 horseJohnson, Dudley 1 tithe free                                                    Mulatto Jones, George 1 tithe 1 horse free Mulatto.

1818, January 23 Carolune County

Major married Nancy Carter. Nancy’s mother Rachael was listed as multiple races.

1819 List of Ambrose Jones

Majer Acre, Neighbors: Acre, Achilles 1 tithe 1 horse, Byrd, Lawrence 1 tithe free                             Mulatto near Wm Rouse, Chambers, Joseph 1 tithe Mulatto at B. Green                                             Fortune, George 1 tithe, 1 horse,Fortune, Armstead, Jr. 1 tithe Free Mulatto                                       Fortune, Lucey 1 tithe 1 slave over 16,Grymes, Jane 2 slaves over 16, 3 horses                                     Grymes, Roy 1 tithe 1 horse, Grymes, Turner 1 tithe. Grymes, Fielding 1 tithe                                        Jones, George 1 tithe 1 horse, near Baylors Mill,Jones, Bennett 1 tithe, 1 horse                                    Johnson, William 1 tithe Mulatto Freeman,Johnson, Dudley 1 tithe 1 horse, free                                  Mulatto

1820 Caroline County Virginia  M

1820UnitedStatesFederalCensusForMajorAcree (1)

Major Acree is listed as free colored. Achilles Acree is now listed as a free white male.

During the 19th century, the legislature had defined that a person with one-eighth or less African ancestry could be considered white. During the years of slavery in effect, white citizens of Virginia were less concerned with non-European ancestry than people had become by the early 20th century, more than 50 years after Emancipation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racial_Integrity_Act_of_1924

1830 Caroline County, Virginia

1830UnitedStatesFederalCensusForMajorAcre

Name: Major Acre
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Caroline, Virginia
Free Colored Persons – Males – Under 10: 2
Free Colored Persons – Males – 36 thru 54: 1
Free Colored Persons – Females – Under 10: 1
Free Colored Persons – Females – 10 thru 23: 2
Free Colored Persons – Females – 36 thru 54: 1  Total Free Colored Persons: 7
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 7

Major and Nancy had 2 sons and 3 daughters living with them

1834 Caroline Count Virginia                                                                                                                          Major and Nancy’s son Thomas Acree born 1807 married Sarah C, Majors.                                Her father parents Franklin and Nancy Majors.

Notation: ACREE, THOMAS (b. 1827): K. Wm. man, son of Major and Nancy Acree,                                             husband of Sarah C. Major (m. as “Indians” 4/24/1854– old Reg.), dau. of                                           Franklin and Nancy.                                                                                                                             This was listed in the Reservation Indians and their Fringe blog Posted by                                         Strong  Bull on August 20, 2011 in Pamunkey.

Pamunkey Indian Reservation is a Native American Reservation in King William, Virginia, United States. The reservation lies along the  Pamunkey River in King William County, Virginia on the Middle Peninsula.

Major

It is possible that Franklin Major was related to the family in this picture Lee Major, his wife Sarah Langston Major (a Pamunkey), and their sons: Opitchipan Major (standing), Powhatan Major (seated) and Elston Opechancanough Major, Mattaponi Indians ca. 1900 on the Mattapony River in King William County.

Updated 8/12/2016 Franklin Major’s son is Elston Major the father of Lee Major. So Lee Major’s aunt Sarah C. Major married my 4th great-uncle Thomas Acree.

1840 Census King and Queen County Virginia

Major Acree
Free Colored Persons – Males – 10 thru 23: 1
Free Colored Persons – Males – 36 thru 54: 1
Free Colored Persons – Females – 10 thru 23: 2
Free Colored Persons – Females – 36 thru 54: 1
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 2
Total Free Colored Persons: 5

So Major and Nancy  2 daughters and  1 son living with them.

King and Queen County, Virginia

SpringAncestor2014-WHTBK_BadgeMINI

I was in high school and my first impromptu interview about my ancestors was with my paternal grandmother Mary Grace Acree. We were in her sitting room and I started to ask her questions. I don’t remember how it came up, but she told me that her father Oliver Acree was Cherokee Indian. Since my father nor neither one of the vast amount of paternal family members had never mention this to me, I pretty much disregard it, I even remember telling her that just because your father had straight black hair did not make him Indian. Everybody and his brother insist that they have Cherokee in them. I told her that most likely that you have a White overseer as an ancestor, Years had past and all my elders had died, when I heard the whispers again to find my ancestors. I was not listening when they were whispering when I was younger and my elders were living. No I had to tune my ears, when there was no one to ask. Two years ago I google my grandmother’s great-grandfather Ruffin Acree,  I found an old post on  Acree Family Genealogy Forum dated December 25, 1998,

Merry Christmas greetings from Canada.

I am doing Powhatan genealogy, and I am looking for ancestors/ descendants of Ruffin Acree (b. 1821) of King and Queen County, Virginia, and his wife Peggy Ann (b. 1830). They had one son, Leroy/Lee (b. 1861 – d. 1910) who had two marriages, both with women named Byrd. I see a lot of Acrees today named Cathy Lee and Deborah Lee, etc., which curiously indicates some affinity for “Lee” among the Acrees. Any information you have will be gladly received and reciprocated. Best regards.

Rarihokwats

There it was my first connection to what my grandmother had told me. So I doubted that the email address that Rarihowats had left was still valid. But I wrote him anyways. To my surprise he wrote me back. Rarihowats is the Powhatan nation’s historian/genealogist, He had enlighten me that the expression that someone has Native American in them is not correct. The expression is that I had ancestors that lived the life as Native Americans. My Acree lineage was of the Rappahannock nation, Most live in Essex, Caroline and King and Queen counties.  The next few blogs will be about my voyage with the Acrees.